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Gut microbiota is the microbial ecosystem in your digestive tract. There are comparable number of microorganisms in our intestines as there are cells in our body, but in terms of genes, for each human gene there is 100-1000 microbial genes.
Today, it is known that the gut microbiota plays an important role in influencing our health and well-being. Each bacterial species has its own functions and, according to that, they can be conditionally divided into "useful" and "harmful" bacteria depending on their proportions.
Changes in the composition and diversity of the microbiota are associated with a variety of frequently occurring autoimmune and other diseases such as allergies, obesity, gastrointestinal diseases (eg irritable bowel syndrome), cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
Gut microbiota can vary in time. Age, lifestyle, medications, disease and diet influence its composition. Diet is an important factor as well, the composition and amount of food needed for for your body supports the "beneficial" bugs and suppresses the "harmful" bacteria, thus reducing discomfort and improving the quality of life.
TFTAK is offering microbial analytical service that is based on sequencing the microbial DNA from your stool sample. The stool analysis gives an overview of the colon microbial communities, such as percentage of bacteria, bacterial species/numbers associated with inflammation, amount of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli, and enables to assess the balance of protein and fibre consumption.
Food and Fermentation Technology Development Centre(TFTAK) provides an analysis service of the gastrointestinal samples of 16S rDNA. The service is offered as food, industry, environment and intestinal tract sample analysis. The service is based on the separation and sequencing of the bacterial DNA, and is characterized by the relative concentrations of the bacteria in the sample. The service can be ordered online at www.microbiome.ee. The samples are analysed on an agreed schedule, usually once a month. In the final report the distribution of bacteria is recorded in the table with a brief summary of the characteristics of the sample in comparison to bacterial gastrointestinal statistical data. An expert opinion of how to knowingly control the microbial composition according to the current level of science in the world is added to the results.
Microbiota is microbial ecosystem of the intestines. There is nearly 3-5 times more microorganisms in our intestines, than there are cells in our body. More than 100 trillion bacteria from thousands of different species live in our intestines. Each species has its own features and, according to the association, they can be conditionally divided into "useful" and "harmful" bacteria. Therefore, the micro-organisms play an important role in influencing our daily health and well-being. The human digestive bacteria mix is quite variable in time, the composition is influenced by various factors such as age, genetics, lifestyle, medications, diet, and disease. Microbiota specific diet helps support beneficial bacteria and inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria.
Yeast (Candida spp, Clavispora, Rhodotorula) is a microscopic fungus family, which are found in small amounts in virtually any human intestine. With diversified diet and strong immune system, Candida does not cause any problems in the intestine. With poor diet, antibiotics and other drugs, Candida may begin to proliferate in the gut and fungus' metabolic waste accumulate.
According to a recent World Health Organization report, nearly two billion people suffer from a variety of intestinal parasite infections. Parasites consume the nutrients, vitamins and trace elements from the food and tissues. The human gets the nutrients left over from the parasites, which results in a weaker immune system and micro-element deficiency. The parasites also excrete toxic compounds that cause a variety of allergies, inflammations, etc.
For a comprehensive overview of the intestinal health it is possible to order additional analysis. Please take into account that, for additional analysis, unlike the microbiota samples, yeast and parasites samples need to be stored in a refrigerator and delivered to the laboratory in up to 24 hours after sampling. The time of delivery must be agreed on by e-mail or telephone.